• Ronit Tal Shaltiel

20 interesting facts about Africa.

Updated: Sep 30, 2020

1. The Nile River is the longest river in the world, is approximately 4,258 miles (6,853 kilometers) long and passes Flowing northward through 11 countries: Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt.

2. The Sahara is the world’s largest hot desert and one of the harshest environments on the earth. It is the third-largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic, which are cold deserts. At 3.6 million square miles (9.4 million square kilometers) bigger than the entire USA! The desert covers 11countries (large sections of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan, and Tunisia).

Nearly half of all the gold ever mined in history has come from Witwatersrand, South Africa.

3. The largest waterfall in Africa is the Victoria Falls and it is located on the Zimbabwe and Zambia border. It has a height of 355 feet and the width of the waterfall runs into almost a mile.

4. Four of the five fastest land animals live in Africa, they are the cheetah, the wildebeest, the lion, and Thomson’s gazelle. All of these animals can run at speeds above 50 miles per hour, with the cheetah reaching a top speed of about 70 miles per hour.

5. The most northern point in Africa is Ras ben Sakka in Tunisia. The most southerly point is Cape Agulhas in South Africa.

6. Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest mountain in Africa and stands tall at 19,340 feet.

7. African elephants are the largest living land animals. They can weigh up to 6-7 tons and they drink over 160 liters of water a day.

8. South Africa is also home to the ‘largest green canyon in the world’ and it is known as the Blyde River Canyon.

9. Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world. It is in the Indian Ocean.

10. Over half of the population of Africa is under 25 years old, which makes it the youngest population in the world.

11. Three of the world’s largest gold producers have their primary operations in Africa.

12. Africa is the world's hottest continent and the world's second driest.

13. The African continent has approximately 3,000 distinct ethnic groups and Around 2,000 different languages are spoken in Africa and each of them has different dialects while Arabic is the language that is most widely spoken in the African continent.

14. Africa has the best flora and fauna in the world. It has the most flourishing wildlife in the entire world.

15. Nigeria has seen the most twins born in the world. This has earned the country the nickname “The Land of Twins”.

16. Johannesburg is also known as ‘The City of Gold’. This is because it was largely established when gold was discovered in the surrounding areas, and it became a mining town. 

17. Men and women across East and Central Africa are often seen wearing brightly patterned cloths called Kanga. 

18. One of the largest nature reserves in the world is found in South Africa – The Kruger National Park.

19. Africa is home to 25% of the world’s bird species. There are over 2500 types of birds found throughout their countries. 

20. The cold currents on South Africa’s west coast make it the ideal home to the African Penguin.

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